2022 US Midterm Election Results: Live | 2022 US Midterm Elections

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Senate

51 to be won***includes freelancers**the vice-president (Dem) has a casting voteno electionno election0 of 35 races canceled

Accommodation

218 up for grabs0 of 435 races announced

Many seats in US elections always go to the same party. Thus, control of the Senate and House of Representatives depends on a relatively small number of competitive seats, or “battlegrounds.” Election experts rank competitive seats as more or less likely to return a Republican or Democrat. This gives a clue as to how the election is going overall; if Democrats win seats that were thought likely to turn Republican, it may indicate that they will do well overall. Simplistically, the blue shapes on the right of the following charts signal a good night for Biden and the Democrats, and the red shapes on the left signal the opposite.

Senate

Two crucial Senate seats are Georgia, with a Republican Maverick challenger, and Pennsylvania, a close race that Democrats hope to win.

no result

Accommodation

With more seats and more of them competitive, the house is also on a knife edge. Key seats include Iowa’s 3rd district and Colorado’s 8th district.

no result

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How do elections work?

The 435 seats in the lower house of the federal congress, the House of Representatives, are re-elected every two years. (There is no term limit and incumbents are often re-elected, so there is substantial continuity among members). Seats in the House are largely proportional to population, so California has a lot of seats but Montana only a few.

The upper house, the Senate, has 100 seats; two for each state, no matter how populous. Every even-numbered year, about one-third of senators are elected for a six-year term. Legislation must pass through both chambers to become law. Senators have additional responsibilities compared to their colleagues in the Chamber; it is mainly about confirming (or not) the presidential nominations.

Governors are not part of Congress. Their impact is primarily local within their own state, but because they may affect election law or practice, they may affect future federal elections.

Prior to the election, President Joe Biden’s Democratic party controlled both houses of Congress, but with very narrow margins. In the Senate, a 50-50 split would mean a casting vote would go to Vice President Kamala Harris. (In practice, the casting vote went more often to Joe Manchin, a Democratic senator representing a largely Republican state).

These elections are called midterm because they take place in the middle of a four-year presidential term. They are difficult for sitting presidents because the presidential party often does poorly in them and because losing control of Congress makes it harder for the president to pursue his agenda.

About these results

The results are provided by The Associated Press, or AP, which has rigorous criteria for “calling” electoral races; that is, to signal a winner. The reshuffling of House districts this year following the 2020 census means the AP is not reporting “turnarounds,” or seats where the sitting party changes. Redistricting also means that in a few seats there are two incumbents competing for a new district. It is also possible for some seats to have 100% of the votes without a winner emerging due to laws that trigger an automatic recount in very close races.

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